Jump Rock Nias Island

 Jump rock 'fahombo stone' has become one Typically the people of Nias. Many outsiders who remember or imagine a stone jump Nias with, so there is also the thought that all people are able to jump a stone Nias prepared to reach a height of 2 m in thickness! 40 cm.

Jump stone is a tradition of South Nias people, especially Telukdalam. This tradition is not usually done by the people of Nias in other regions, and only men who do it. It has also been an indication of cultural differences or lelehur ancestral people of Nias. Which must be known again, there never was woman who jumped stone Nias.

In the beginning a stone jump, not like we are witnessing now. Both functions and how its control. First jump is a combination of sports and folk games are free, not commercial tradition.

Jumping is not just the consumption of stone or atrakasi tourism as we see today. Jumps are stone tools and processes to shows of strength and agility of youth, so it has a prestigious heroic soul.

If a son of one family was able to pass a stone that has been prepared packed it in a way the jump, this is one of pride for parents and other relatives and even the whole village community in general. That is why after the boys they were able to pass through, then held a modest celebration by slaughtering chickens or other animals. Even some young nobles who entertained his village because it can jump with perfect stone for the first time. These young people will become advocates youth village 'samu'i mbanua or la'imba Horo,' if there is a conflict with other villagers.

Looking at the ability of a young man who can jump the stone perfectly, then he is considered to have grown up and mature physically. Because it's rights and social obligations as adults can be run. For example: married, defended his village or join the enemy stormed the village and so on. One way to measure the maturity and the maturity of a man is by looking at the motor skills on a rock stacking height! 2 meters.

Because of pride, then any young man not to be outdone by the others. Since the age of about 7-12 years or in accordance with the growth of a person, young boys usually play with a jump rope. They stuck two either side of the pole, making the stone pedestal, and then jump. From that low, and for long elevated. There is also with the help of two friends who hold each end of the rope, and the others jump in rotation. They played with spirit and struggle.
To practice and games, a set of boys piled clay and shaping it like a stone jump, although not the same height. Ranging from one meter. Once able to get through that, then they pile up clay to add height. This game has made the kids used to jump up the stone can jump as high as two feet perfectly. There's even more.

To be more proficient, in the afternoon, when the village youths came from the field, then their rollicking rock jumping exercises. Especially on a Sunday afternoon or other holidays. Jumping stone is a means of sports and games are fun for them and attract the attention of the audience.

Although the practice continues, it turns out that not all men can jump. There is nothing to hook on. In fact, there is also to accidents, such as broken arms, legs etc.. There is a belief that it is influenced by genetic factors. If his father or grandfather was a brave and rock jumper, then d between his sons there who can jump the stone. If his father once was a young semasih stone jumper, then his children would be able to jump though a little training. Some have only tried once or twice, then, can jump to perfection without practice and warm up the body.

Rock jumping ability and agility is also associated with the old belief. Someone who is just learning to jump a stone, he first begged the blessing and meniati the spirits of the deceased rock jumping. He must ask permission from the spirits of the ancestors who often jump over the stones. Tujuanya to avoid an accident or disaster for the jumper when you're on the air, then dropping to the ground. Because many jumper that failed and had an accident.

In the past, jumping stone is a necessity and preparations to defend ourselves and defend the name of the village. Whatever was sacrificed for the honor in his own village 'fabanuasa.' "Va Öndröra banuasa, left-left mbambatö." That's the motto and principle in defending and maintaining the village's name. That is, a sense of patriotism at home more important than kinship. Incident on one of the villagers, is the event on all citizens. For example: If a resident of village A village residents hurt by B, then A the other villagers will also reciprocate. And vice versa. This becomes a source of conflict between the village and left the complex penyelesaianya hatred 'Horo manana.'

Many of the causes of conflict and war between the villages. For example: The issue of land border, women and other disputes. This invites one village to another village attacked, so that the soldiers 'samu'i' who participated in the attack, should have the agility to jump to save themselves.

But the first, when the tradition of hunting human heads 'mangai högö' is still running, the war between the villages is also very common. When the hunters chased a human head or escape, then they should be able to jump the fence or fortress that targeted villages have been built of stone or bamboo or from the tree 'tali'anu' so as not trapped in enemy territory.

That's also why the villages built on a hill or mountain 'arola' so that the enemy is not easy to come in and not run away fast.

Dexterity is needed because the first jump every fence or village has been made fortress made of stone, bamboo or other materials that are difficult to pass by the enemy. There is also a dig holes around the township so that the enemies fall into it when escaping or entering the target villages.

Forts villages that were once composed of stone, was not seen again now, because of human greed. Torn down and taken as a building material.

The young men who returned with success in other villages assault missions, will be a hero in his village. If they win and no one was killed among them, so before arriving at the village, near the village gate 'bawagöli,' they sang as he marched and shouted "Hoho" victory.

The tradition of jumping the stone that has become a spectacular tourist attraction and is able to make Nias known by other tribes