Tari Saman (Saman Dance)

Among the wide range of dances from all over Indonesia, including in the category of saman dance art of dance is very interesting. Saman dance uniqueness lies in the cohesion of the movement that is amazing. The dancers move in unison saman to the music of harmony. Orderly movements seemed to be moved one body, continued to dance in unison, following dynamic sang songs. It's interesting, is not it? Nothing wrong with a lot of dance saman captivate art lovers of dance. Not only from Indonesia, but also from abroad. Now, let us review more deeply about this unique dance.
Why is this dance called the Saman? Saman dance is on call because it was created by a cleric named Sheikh Saman Aceh at around XIV century AD, from the Central Highlands. Originally, this dance is a folk game called Pok Ane. However, later added to the accompaniment of poetry that contains the praises to Allah SWT, and accompanied also by a combination of pat-pat of the dancers. At that time, became one of saman dance mission media.

At first, saman dance only displayed for certain events, especially when celebrating the anniversary of Prophet Muhammad SAW or warning called Birth of the Prophet Muhammad. Typically, saman dance is shown below under Meunasah (a type of surau stage). But today, Saman dance, too, grew until its use becomes more frequent. Now, dance saman dance can be classified as entertainment / performances, because performances of dance is not bound by time, certain events or ceremonies. Saman Dance can be displayed on every occasion that is the hustle and excitement, such as birthday parties, weddings or other celebrations. To place, Saman dance usually done in house, field, and there also are using the stage.

Saman dance is usually presented is guided by a leader who is typically called the Sheikh. Saman Dancer and Sheikh should be able to work together well to create a compact and harmonious movement.

Meaning and Function
Saman Dance serve as media propaganda. Saman Before starting, perform traditional leaders to represent the local community. Traditional leaders to give useful advice to the players and spectators. Poems that in antunkan in Saman also contains advice, tips and propaganda.
Here's an example piece of poetry in the Saman:

Reno tewa ni beras padi, manuk kedidi mulu menjadi rempulis bunge.


How wonderful rice graceful wind blown. However, the sandpiper is earlier as the prospective bride and brings the name of the fragrance.

But today, the function of dance saman be shifted. This dance is so more often serves as a medium for entertainment at parties, celebration, and other events.

On the Saman, there are 5 different songs:

1. Rengum, named as the opening or the Preamble of the Saman (ie after the opening speech made earlier keketar). This is a clone Rengum sound. So ends directly connected concurrently to the sentence contained therein, including in the form of a compliment to someone who likened, may be to the object, or to other plants.
2. Tones, namely rengum which was quickly followed by all dancers.
3. Redet, which is a short song with a short sound sung by a dancer in the middle of the dance.
4. Syek, the song sung by a dancer with a long high-pitched voice, usually as a sign of change in motion.
5. Saur, that is the song that is repeated by all the dancers after sung by a solo dancer.

Saman dance using two elements of the motion which became the basic element in the dance saman: Applause and pat his chest. Allegedly, when the spread of Islamic religion, sheikh saman studying ancient Malay dance, and then bring back through the motion, accompanied with verses preaching message of Islam for the sake of ease. In the present context, dances are religious rituals that are still used as a medium to convey the messages of propaganda through performances.

Saman dance one dance that is quite unique, because it only shows the motion of clapping and other movements, such as shaking motion, kirep, lingang, surang-filter (all motion is the Gayo language). In addition, there are 2 rows of people singing, clapping hands and all the dancers have to dance with Saman Dance harmony. In Tari Saman usually, the longer tempo going faster so Tari Saman interesting.
In general, Saman dance is played by a dozen or dozens of men. but the numbers must be odd. However, in subsequent developments, this dance is also played by women. Other opinions say this dance is danced less than 10 people, with details of 8 dancers and 2 as cue givers while singing. However, developments in the modern era requires that a dance would be more lively when danced by a dancer with higher numbers. This is where the role of the sheikh, he had to manage the movement and singing hymns Saman.

Costume or special clothing saman divided in three parts, namely:
• On the head: bulung teleng or tengkuluk basic black fabric square. Two terms as clothes embroidered with thread, edit kepies.
• In the body: basic clothes / clothing filigree (the basic black dress, embroidered in white thread, green and red, embroidered waist portion kedawek and kekait, short-handed shirt) and sarong pants.
• On hand: bracelets masks, handkerchiefs. Similarly, in the use of color, according to tradition contains certain values, because the color indicates the identity of the wearer. These colors reflect the compactness, wisdom, strength, courage and harmony.

Tari saman are very interesting. Saman dance performances are not only popular in our own country, but also popular overseas as in Australia and Europe. Recently saman dance in shows in Australia to commemorate the catastrophic tsunami of 26 December 2006. Therefore, we should be proud of the arts that we have, and preserve it so as not to become extinct.